Precautions during Pregnancy

A to Z about and in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a time when a woman’s body undergoes tremendous changes and hormones take over and sometimes play havoc – mood swings and feeling sick all day is an integral parts that many pregnant women (and their husbands!) have to deal with.

There are several things that may cause a complication in your pregnancy. However, some are more common than others. This section deals with a few of the most common pregnancy complications such as

Morning sickness in pregnancy
Heartburn, bloating and Constipation
Moodswings during pregnancy
Excessive vomiting in pregnancy (Hyperemesis gravidarum)
Ectopic pregnancy
Pregnancy gingivitis
Skin problems during pregnancy
UTI in pregnancy
Lower back pain during pregnancy
Preterm labor
Cervical incompetence

Pregnancy is an amazing and wholesome journey in a woman’s life. It is the only physiological condition in which there is marked growth and myriad changes take place. These changes range from how the baby develops from a tiny ball of cells, the size of a poppy seed, which may just be beginning to imbibe life, into a fully grown baby, weighing an average of 3 kg, with tiny hands, feet and fingers, and the birth of a new life.

The pregnant, would-be-mom, also undergoes transformation such as increasing girth and weight, and hormonal changes. The growing uterus, together with the hormonal ups and downs, give rise to several pregnancy-related complications such as heart burn, constipation, stuffy nose, morning sickness, UTIs, back pain and so on.

In pregnancy week by week, we have articles that give you a sneak peek of the happenings inside your womb each week. Each article deals with each week of pregnancy and has a section that informs you of the developments taking place in your baby in that week: the organs which are forming and maturing, the senses that are emerging in your baby, the size, weight and height that your baby has achieved, and the activities that your baby performs.

The other major section of the article deals with the changes occurring in your body. This includes the weight that you gain during pregnancy, the complications that you may experience each week and advice and tips on how you can alleviate or get relief from these complications.

Some do’s and don’ts are also outlined in this section. Apart from these major sections, we have tips for each week of pregnancy, activities that you can perform each week, supplements that you need to take while you are pregnant.

One unique feature in all our articles included in pregnancy week by week is the feature on common tests in each week of pregnancy. This informs you about the tests and examinations you are supposed to undergo or can opt for during a particular period of your pregnancy.

Another important feature that you will find in our articles for each week of pregnancy is the feature on common problems in that week. This allows you to understand what problems are common and what are not and when you need to seek medical attention.

Besides these important aspects, we also have information on related issues such as urinary tract infections in pregnancy, Morning sickness in pregnancy under the section pregnancy related complications.

Other pertinent issues such as medicines safe to be used in pregnancy, screening in pregnancy, folic acid and other nutrients in pregnancy, Labor & Signs of Labor, signs of preterm labor, C-section and many more are covered under ‘During Pregnancy’.

We are fully loaded to help you with our feature, Find a Doctor, if you need to find a good obstetrician or gynecologist. If you are unable to find some information that’s not on our site yet, or you want to ask a personal query, please feel free to write to us. We assure you that you will get a sound reply within a few days’ time.

The first Trimester of pregnancy is an exciting and yet scary time and is marked by an invisible, yet amazing transformation. Always remember that the symptoms you experience are generally normal, and most will go away as your pregnancy progresses. Some symptoms you may experience include nausea and vomiting, fatigue (the most pronounced symptoms), frequent urination, food aversion and breast swelling and tenderness.

Although, most pregnancy symptoms that you experience in the first Trimester are harmless and merely annoying, watch out for a few symptoms like bloody/watery vaginal discharge, swelling of hands/feet/face, recurring headaches, excessive vomiting, blurriness and decreased and burning with urination, which require medical attention.

The final stage of pregnancy, third trimester, ends with labor and the birth of your baby and is a period of excitement. Large size of your growing baby may bring in physical discomforts and you may experience heartburn, increased fatigue, hemorrhoids, swelling on the ankles and fingers and Braxton Hicks contractions (mild contractions) that last for about 30–60 s.

Do not hesitate to contact your doctor if you observe sudden swelling on your ankles and if you experience a rapid and sudden weight gain. Do continue to keep looking for signs of pre term labor like contractions accompanied by vaginal discharge, sever back pain and if you experience more than 8 contractions/h, occurring at regular intervals.


Normal pregnancy lasts 40 weeks. Miscarriage is a pregnancy that ends spontaneously or naturally before 20 weeks and is known as early pregnancy loss. Medically, Miscarriage is also known as spontaneous Abortion.

However, Miscarriage should not be confused with Stillbirth. The loss of a Fetus after the 20th week of pregnancy is called a Stillbirth.
About 15–20% of pregnancies result in miscarriages. Most miscarriages occur in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy.

Some of them happen before a woman misses a menstrual period or is not even aware that she is pregnant.

Why do miscarriages occur?
The cause of Miscarriage often is not known. The most common causes are:
Genetic abnormality is the most common cause for miscarriages.
Miscarriage can occur when a fertilized egg fails to attach to the wall of the Uterus properly or may attach itself in the wrong place.
The Immune System of some women may reject the Placenta and destroy it instead of letting it grow in the Uterus. However, medications can help control this.
In some cases of miscarriage, bacterial infections in the Uterus may be the cause.
Certain pre-existing diseases or disorders such as uncontrolled Diabetes and Thyroid abnormalities in the pregnant woman can lead to Miscarriage.
Abnormalities in the Uterus such as Fibroid Tumors and other structural problems of the Uterus can stop a Fetus from implanting properly. The mother may have an abnormality of the Uterus or a weak Cervix.
Alcohol, smoking and some medications may increase the risk of Miscarriage. For example, medication that is usually taken to treat Acne is associated with Miscarriage.
The risk of Miscarriage is higher for women over 35 years of age.

Signs and symptoms of miscarriage
The first sign of Miscarriage is usually stomach cramps. The pain felt is similar to menstrual pain. A small amount of bleeding can also occur. Women who have a Miscarriage may also experience heavy bleeding, blood clots, nausea and painful cramps.

Warning signs of Miscarriage
Inform your doctor if you have any of the following:
Spotting or bleeding without pain
Heavy or persistent bleeding with abdominal pain or cramping
Fluid gushing from your Vagina without pain or bleeding
If you have passed fetal tissue

After a miscarriage
Many miscarriages do not occur fully or completely. Some Placenta remains inside the Uterus. Your doctor will advise treatment accordingly. The remaining Placenta and other tissue are removed by a procedure called dilatation and Curettage (D&C).

Emotional and medical support
Remember, Miscarriage can affect anyone, so do not blame yourself.
Get adequate rest to recover physically and emotionally.
Grieving can actually help you accept this painful loss and go on with your life.
Try to maintain an open communication with family, friends and your doctor during this time.

The happy news is that, nature can give you a second chance. Most women who have miscarriages have a high chance of having a healthy baby when they become pregnant for a second time. Yes, it is possible to get pregnant in just a few weeks after a Miscarriage. However, it is advisable to at least have one menstrual period before trying to get pregnant again. Your doctor can give you guidance accordingly.

Satellite Image

Popular Posts