Tips for safe Driving on Indian roads

Indian Traffic Rules :

The transport department of each and every city around the world has been entrusted with the responsibility of providing a smooth public transportation system on roads, controlling pollution under permissible limits, keeping a record of registration of vehicles, insurance of vehicles, issuing permits and collection of taxes. These departments function by devising policies, implementing them and then monitor and regulate the functioning of the transport in the city.

Traffic rules of the roads are both the laws and the informal rules that may have been developed over time to facilitate the orderly and timely flow of traffic. With the replacement of ancient horse driven carts with cars and trucks, the speed of the traffic increased paving way for the need of smooth roads and yet smoother traffic. So, to curb the need of the smoother traffic, some rules were devised to assure that the traffic runs smooth. Almost all of the roadways traffic rules are built with devices meant to control traffic.

The basic idea to devise rules is to make the traffic more organized. These establish a direct contact with the driver and help making the ride easy and controlled by delivering information which compliments the laws, guiding directions, speed limits and parking zones. All these efforts collectively assure that traffic is orderly and safe. An organized traffic has well established priorities, lanes flowing in particular directions. The benefit is that it reduces the travel time. Some rules and regulations have been formulated for an easy driving. The drivers are not allowed to drive without a few documents. These documents should be produced on demand.


Road Safety Tips

While on the roads, every one sharing the roads should respect each others presence and their right of advancement on roads. The section points out some basic tips in order to make driving a smooth experience.


For Cyclist:

In the year 2003, 772 Cyclists were involved in accidents on Delhi Roads. 171 of them succumbed to their injuries while 646 were seriously injured. In order to be safe while cycling on roads of Delhi, keep the following tips in mind:
Wear a cycle helmet and appropriate clothes.

Use the cycle lane, where ever provided. Ride on the left of the road, with other traffic.

Obey stop signs and traffic lights, like the rest of the traffic.

Give signals with one hand while riding. Never ride with just one hand on the handle bar except when giving a signal.

Keep both feet on the pedals.

Look back over your shoulders and take a right turn comfortably, give way to the traffic coming from behind.

Never follow any vehicle closely. Maintain safe distance.

Avoid big and busy roads with fast moving traffic.

Do not enter a street where you see the "No Entry" sign.

Stop before you enter moving traffic from a driveway, a parking lot, a minor road, or from behind a parked car or bus. Go ahead only when the way is clear.

If you are passing a stopped car be careful, a door may suddenly open.

Never stop your cycle on a pedestrian crossing. Never ride your cycle on a footpath.

Never try to overtake- if you must, do it only if the driver of the vehicle in your front has permitted or signaled you to overtake. Never try to overtake a vehicle, which is in the process of taking a turn.

Under no circumstances should you ride on the wrong side of the road or cross the road abruptly.

Never stop suddenly without showing a signal. Watchfully move towards the left while slowing down, but signal your intentions to the traffic following you.



For Pedestrians:

The most important safety tip to reduce pedestrian injuries is to pay attention. Follow safety rules on the road and live long. In order to be safe while walking on roads of Delhi, keep the following tips in mind:
Make eye contact with drivers if possible and make sure that they can see you.

Avoid walking next to the kerb with your back to the traffic.

Wear or carry something light colored, bright or fluorescent in poor daylight conditions. When it is dark, use reflective materials (e.g. armbands, sashes, waistcoats and jackets.

Walk between children and the traffic and hold their hands firmly.

Always walk on the footpath, where there is no footpath, walk in the right side margin of the road so that you can see the traffic coming in the opposite direction.

Cross roads where there are pedestrian crossings. Where there are no pedestrian crossings, watch the traffic on both sides and cross when it is safe.

You must not walk on motorways or slip roads except in an emergency.

Never walk on the main carriageway.

Do not read newspapers or look at hoardings while walking on the road.

Do not greet friends on the road.

Do not come on to the main road while waiting for a bus. Do not run after a moving bus. Get on or off a bus only when it has stopped to allow you to do so.

Do not climb over the barriers or walk between them and the road.

You must not get on to or hold on to a moving vehicle.

Don't "Drink and Walk."

When using any type of crossing you should always check that the traffic.

You must not loiter on zebra crossings.

If an ambulance, fire engine, police or other emergency vehicle approaches using flashing blue lights, headlights and/or sirens, keep off the road.


For School Children:

Children should be taught the safety code and should not be allowed on the road alone until they can understand and follow it properly. Children learn by example, so parents and teachers should always follow the Code properly when going out with their children. In order to make school children safe on Delhi roads, keep the following tips in mind:
Always walk on the footpath only. On roads without footpath, walk on the extreme right hand side of the roads.

Do not be impatient on the road.

Do not rush or run on the road.

Cross only at Zebra crossings, traffic signals, subways, foot over-bridges.

Cross only on a clear green signal.

Do not cross unless all lanes are clear.

Never cross a road at a corner or curve.


For Drivers:

Drivers usually drive under tense conditions. They should primarily focus on ways to control aggressiveness:
Be a cautious and courteous driver. Have consideration for others.

Avoid creating a situation that may provoke another motorist.

Don't tailgate.

Don't make inappropriate hand and facial gestures.

Use horn sparingly.

Stay far behind a suspected drunken driver.

Always wear safety belts.

Use low beams in bad weather conditions.

Keep specified speed limits in mind while driving.

Limit the speed at curves and turns.

During night time be cautious about road signs, pedestrians, animals, slow moving vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles.

If someone is catching up and wants to overtake, let him.

Don't drive faster than the flow of the traffic.

Two wheeler drivers should wear helmets.

Car drivers and others in cars should wear seat belts.

Always carry your driving license and important documents such as your vehicle registration certificate, insurance certificate, road tax, and P.U.C certificate with you while driving.

Don't drink while driving.

Don't drive under influence of drugs.

Obey all traffic signals, lights and signs.

Use indicators and signals while changing lanes.

Don't use cell phones while driving.

Always stay alert while on road and be considerate to pedestrians especially with senior citizens, handicapped and ladies.

Don't overload vehicles.

Don't use tinted glasses.

Always drive in correct gears.

Avoid sudden braking and harsh acceleration.

Never use clutch as footrest while driving.

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